Ghosts of the Horseshoe

Screen capture of Ghosts

Deepest Apologies

We regret deeply that the website is an old version as of 24 November 2014. We have had a catastrophic disk failure on the server hosting the website and are rebuilding the site on a new, temporary server. We hope to have things repaired shortly; contact us if there are problems.

Ghosts of the Horseshoe

Ghosts of the Horseshoe (Ghosts) is a mobile interactive application that endeavors to bring into view--literally, on mobile micro screens (iPads and iPhones at present)--the largely unknown history of slavery at South Carolina College. It deploys game mechanics (i.e., ludic methods), as well as Augmented Reality (AR) and GPS functionality to generate awareness of and questioning about what otherwise seems ordinary: a grassy space at the center of a university campus. It organizes content into distinct but overlapping themes: (1) architectural ghosts (e.g., razed outbuildings); (2) human ghosts (e.g., un/named enslaved persons); and (3) the historic Wall delimiting the Horseshoe grounds.

Ghosts was designed and programmed by the three leads and by the students in two classes at the University of South Carolina.

Acknowledgements and Funding

Ghosts of the Horseshoe was supported by the College of Arts and Sciences and an ASPIRE II grant from the University of South Carolina.


Dr. Heidi Rae Cooley, Media Arts/Film and Media Studies, USC
Dr. Richard Walker
Dr. Duncan Buell, Computer Science and Engineering, USC


This website is only a beginning and should not be taken as a definitive document.

Updates and changes will be occurring on a regular basis.


Dr. Duncan Buell, Computer Science and Engineering, USC